Drilled Well in Sierra Leone
Serabu Village, Sierra Leone
Serabu is a village in the Bumpe Ngao Chiefdom in the Bo District of Sierra Leone. Located in the Southern District of Sierra Leone, it is one ofthemost under-developed areas of the Country with a population of 4,300. The well drilled has supported approximately 1,000 people that surround each of the wells. Since this area is considered a tropical rain forest, it is rift with diseases such as malaria, typhoid, cholera, diarrhea and a multitude of fevers. Without medical care, the chance of survival is minimal.
In 2005, the Southern Eye Clinic of Serabu was established, offering the most modern eye care and surgical center in all of Sierra Leone. The Clinic provides diagnostic examinations, medicines, eye glasses and modern eye surgery free of charge to all patients. It is not uncommon for patients to walk several days to reach Serabu for their eye care needs. It was the Southern Eye Clinic that made Global Water aware of the need for clean water in the village of Serabu.
Prior to this project, community members of Serabu Village would access unprotected hand dug wells and open ditches, like the one shown in the photo to the right. Water was not treated for microbial contamination (bacteria and viruses). Women and children have the responsibility to fetch water for the family, which can take several hours everyday and require walking long distances to find water depending on the time of year.
Microbial diseases cause diarrheal symptoms, which if persistent can cause death. This is especially true with young children who do not have a strong immune system to fight off the invading microbes. Therefore, the health of the community is dependent on a clean water source and sanitation facilities.
Because of this project, everyone now has access to clean water at centralized locations in thevillage. Clean water will make this community healthier, especially effecting young children who are most susceptible to illness due to their fragile immune systems. A covered well will be protected from future contamination. Training on sanitation and hygiene will also be provided to the village members through the Southern Eye Clinic.